Daniel H. Pink summarizes 4-decade long research of humans drive in his book “the surprising truth about what motivates us”. Human is not as simple as they seem to be. What motivates us belongs to the inner will or outer circumstances. Human has many drives, biological drive, hunger drive, sex drive, or carnal drive. Here are three phenomena that execute intrinsic human drive and is a possible justification of what motivates us. These three phenomena are autonomy, mastery, and purpose. Intrinsic motivation could have the ground of these three elements.
Computers have an operating system in the same way our society and culture have social laws that exist on the assumption of how society would behave in particular circumstances or how humans behave in daily life. Here are three assumptions that have been evolved.
1-Motivation : Biological Drive
2-Motivation : Extrinsic Drive
3-Motivation : Intrinsic Drive
These three drives motivate us for a particular action. In biological drive, we try to fulfill our biological and survival needs. In extrinsic drive, we seek rewards and avoid punishments. The intrinsic drive is about learning and creating a new world.
Daniel H. Pink specifically worked on instinct drive or third motivation. He proposed humans have high urges to make self-development or the world a better living place.
Motivation 3, instinct drive is about learning and creating a new world based on self-development theory.
This drive depends on self-development connection and autonomous behaviors. If we focus on creating a peaceful environment people would be more productive, fulfilled and happy. Here are three elements you should focus on;
Autonomy: The desire to direct our own lives
Mastery: The desire to get better and better that matters the most
Purpose: A desire to serve larger than ourselves
No matter how important intrinsic elements are, you should not avoid the role of extrinsic elements. People perform a job for their reward. It is a positive force that pushes them to perform well. In the same manner, negative actions brought up punishments.
Here are two types of rewards, If-then uses for people who perform an effective task. It is like a wage. It is more considerable if the task is mechanical.
Now-then is using after the accomplishment of the task. It is a bonus or surprise according to the performance.
Humans are complex organisms. What motivates us depend on biological drive, environment and self-development elements. Human behavior is a broad field. Each of the aspects is complex and tricky more than what we have in books.